Helpful Tips

Tip #7: Pruning Trees & Shrubs

Pruning of trees and shrubs is done to maintain size, shape, and to maintain healthy vigorous plants. Pruning should be done to maintain the natural shape of a plant, avoiding heavily trimming everything into balls. All plants tend to exhibit apical dominance, which is the desire to grow up towards light. In general most plants are naturally wider at the base than the top, which you should try to maintain. Timing of pruning is important to coincide with natural growth cycles.

TREES – In general, trees need little pruning. Newly planted trees should be elevated or the bottom branches pruned up as the tree grows to encourage an upward, natural shape. Broken, dead or diseased branches should be pruned out as needed. Most trees are best pruned when dormant in winter before the sap starts to flow.

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Tip #6: Lawn Seeding

PREPARATION – Work the soil to obtain a smooth and uniform grade. Scrape down high spots and fill in low spots. Starter Fertilizer and Lime should be applied and worked into the soil. DO NOT use a fertilizer with crabgrass or broadleaf weed control as this will kill new grass seedlings.

SEEDING – Choose a high quality grass seed of good purity. Avoid cheap seed mixes as you wil get poor results. A Turf Tall Fescue/Perennial Rye mix works best for most. A Bluegrass mix will give you a high quality lawn but needs the most upkeep.

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Tip #5: Installing Sod

Sodding a lawn gives you instant finished results the moment you are done. It costs sigificantly more than seeding.

PREPARATION – Work the soil to obtain a smooth and uniform grade to accept the sod. Low spots may need to be filled in, high spots cut down and the soil raked smooth. The level of the soil needs to be low enough to account for the thickness of the sod. This is especially true where the sod meets a sidewalk or driveway. Starter fertilizer and Lime can be applied before installing the sod.

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Tip #4 – All You Need to Know About South Jersey Soils

What do South Jersey soils need most? ORGANIC MATTER. Whether a heavy clay soil or a sandy soil, organic matter will do the most to improve your soil. South Jersey soils typically have 2-3% organic matter. For plants to thrive they need at least double that amount. Organic matter improves the structure of the soil for better aeration and drainage, provides slow release nutrients, and improves the water holding capacity of the soil. Adding organics to your soil will make your garden greener and healthier. The old garden adage is to plant a five dollar plant in a fifty dollar hole – meaning add organic matter.

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Tip #3: All About Stone

Stone can be a long lasting, integral part of your landscape. Stone is either natural round stone or crushed angular stone. Leonberg Nursery has a wide selection to choose from.

NATURAL ROUND STONE OR GRAVEL – Comes from the local region. Delaware River Stone is a mix of colors from the Delaware River basin. Pearl Pebbles or Goose Eggs are native off-white or off-yellow stone from Maryland. Natural round stone is available in sizes from 3/8″ through 4′ Boulders. Most popular uses are in landscape beds and around pools.

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Tip #2: Installing Color-Enriched Mulch

Follow our general guidelines in HOW TO INSTALL MULCH LIKE A PRO.
Color Enriched Mulch is different in that the colorant is not color fast until the product is spread and has 6-8 hours to dry in the sun. The process of coloring mulch is much like staining a deck and needs time to dry. Follow these tips for best results.

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